Demeter Technology

SulFer 85 Particle size



SulFer 85 particle sizes at Day 1, Tiger 90 particle sizes after 6 months in water

300 micron +

180 micron

150 micron

75 micron

SulFer 85




100 %

Tiger CR





Particles need to be less than 150 microns to degrade in 12 months

Recently published work is now showing that the oxidation of Sulphur to sulphate in soils is dependent on a number of factors:

The Canola Council of Canada considers that Sulphur fertilizer containing elemental sulphur must be managed differently than sulphate based fertilizer to achieve good efficacy--availability is delayed until soil bacteria oxidize it into the sulphate form. The conversion rate from elemental sulphur to sulphate depends on the particle size, the degree of dispersion in the soil, and the growing conditions for the bacteria (moisture, temperature). Common elemental sulphur fertilizers are formulated as granules or pastilles (split pea shape) for ease of shipping and handling, each consisting of thousands of individual particles. The surface area of these individual particles is the access where the soil bacteria "feed", converting the elemental sulphur to sulphate. Small particles have the largest surface area and, therefore, the fastest oxidation rate.

Research indicates that particles less than 150 microns in size will convert quickly if well mixed with soil. Some elemental sulphur fertilizers have particles consistently smaller than 150 microns such as €œSulFer 85". Other products consist of a mixture of particles ranging from smaller to larger than 150 microns such as "Tiger 90CR". Granules that break down readily and completely will allow quicker oxidation and sulphate availability.

Research in western Canadahas found that break down of elemental sulphur granules is greatest when the product is applied to the soil surface and exposed to rain/snow and frost. Subsequent tillage will then further disperse the degraded granule. In contrast, band and seed row placement, or immediate incorporation following broadcasting, will reduce the granule dispersion and the oxidation rate

Another factor that influences the oxidation rate is previous use of elemental sulphur in the field. Exposure to elemental sulphur in the past has been shown to increase oxidation rates of subsequent applications, probably due to stimulation of the S-oxidizing bacterial population.

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